Book of exodus, session 1 introduction the book of exodus is the second book of the torah or pentateuch, the first five books of the old testament. God rescues and delivers his people as he guides them into the unfamiliar desert. Exodus shemot is the book whose principle theme is redemptionisraels deliverance from egypt mitzraim. The book of exodus begins more than four hundred years after joseph, his brothers, and the pharaoh he once served have all died. The book that talks about creation ironically ended with the verse so joseph died, being one hundred and ten years old.
Different scholars place the divisions between sections of the book of exodus in slightly different places. The king of egypt died, and a new king arose, it implies that the old king was still alive, only that his policies had changed, and he acted like a new king. Shemot sefer shemot opens with the names of the sons. To my uncle dale and aunt pat cain who have been a positive example to me my entire life. However, the three general topics covered in the book can be separated in approximately. It can also mean the continued narrative from all the 24 books, from the book of genesis to the end of. Beshalach at the last minute, pharaoh has a change. It can most specifically mean the first five books pentateuch or five books of moses of the 24 books of the hebrew bible. As a sacred scroll found in every synagogue throughout the world, its referred to as a sefer torah sayfehr toerah. This summary of the book of exodus provides information about the title, author s, date of writing, chronology, theme, theology, outline, a brief overview, and the chapters of the book of exodus. In exodus, god rescues the israelites from slavery in egypt and confronts the evil and injustice of pharaoh. Ive seen the torahpentateuch classified as an epic, but to me the genre seemed much less straightforward than in homer. After exodus, what story there is often gets lost in endless demographic info, rules for hygiene, and of course constant threats by god to kill everyone.
The book of exodus is the book of national redemption. Watch our overview video on exodus 1940, which breaks down the literary design of the book and its flow of thought. Evidence of deliberate literary structure in the book of. There are a few different names for the five books of moses. Twopage spread from johannes gutenbergs 42line bible, c.
Seeing how the torah guides the lives of the jewish people t he torah, also known as the five books of moses, is the most sacred object and the most important text of the jewish people. While jewish tradition holds that all five books were originally written by moses sometime in the 2nd millennium bce, by the 17th century leading scholars had rejected mosaic authorship. The book of exodus details gods call to the people of israel to get up and leave their position of slavery in egypt. Presented in an engaging and accessible manner, even while digging into difficult and complicated matters at a sophisticated level, the torah story course emphasizes the content of the text itself, moving beyond debating dates and theories of authorship into understanding how these five key books of the. Exodus is where the story of the bible really starts picking up.
Introduction to the book of exodus learn religions. The twentythird reading from the torah and last reading from the book of exodus is called pekudei, which means accounts. The book of exodus covers a span of approximately 360 years from the death of joseph ex. This solution discusses the book of exodus in terms of the name, theme, purpose, and provides an outline of the main events of the ole testament book. Learn the pentateuch outline with free interactive flashcards. Watch our overview video on exodus 118, which breaks down the literary design of the book and its flow of thought. The book of exodus is the story of god rescuing the children of israel from egypt and forging a special relationship with them. Although portions of exodus are devoted to legal matters, the declaration of law in exodus always comes in the form of a story, relayed by discussions between god and moses, and between moses and. The pentateuch is the first five books of the old testament, and is also known as the torah, or law in hebrew, which is just one section that makes up the whole hebrew bible or tanak. The book of exodus is seen as, the second book of moses, as well as the second book in the pentateuch. But then a new pharaoh comes to power, and he starts enslaving the israelites.
The book of judges details jewish history following the era of joshua up to the first kings. The outline of pentateuch books the hesitant prize fighter. There is a clear literary structure to the book of exodus. God raises up a deliverer to confront the evil of pharaoh and. The book of exodus is the second book of the bible, it describes the israelites deliverance from. Torah is not merely a list of laws, but, rather, the notion of law as a way of life. The main message of monotheism and obedience to the one true god of abraham remains intact in the torah. God saves his people from the egyptians, but now they are a nation without a home, wandering in the desert and unsure why god. In part one of the book of exodus, god frees abrahams descendants in egypt through his servants moses and. Exodus records more miracles of god than any other book in the old testament. The five books of moses are the biblical books of genesis, exodus, leviticus, numbers, and deuteronomy.
A modern english translation and commentary that presents a digest of the centuries of torah scholarship which have been devoted to the study of the mishneh torah by maimonides. The second half of the book tells of the covenant that was established between god and israel at sinai and promulgates laws for the ordering of israels life since exodus continues the sacred story of the divine promise to israel begun in genesis. Overview of the books of the torah main themes hoshana. Ac introduction to the book of exodus the teaching. The second book of moses called exodus geneva bible. Chapters 118 narrate the history of the egyptian bondage, the exodus from egypt, and the journey to mount sinai under the leadership of moses. But instead of ruling alongside god in his good world, the israelites find themselves enslaved to a cruel leader in the land of egypt. Here, the israelites are enslaved to the egyptians, and the first half of the book focuses on how god raises up moses to deliver his people from the egyptians. This course takes you step by step through israels salvation from egyptian bondage, their receiving of gods law, and his command to build the tabernacle. The second book of the torah describes the birth of the jewish people. Summary of the book of exodus the story of the bible. The book explained how the patriarchs move to egypt, and about the fact that god told abraham that they will be in egypt for 400 years. The israelites are right where we left them in genesis, hanging out in egypt and multiplying.
The first part of exodus recounts how abrahams family ends up enslaved in egypt. The holy bible book 02 exodus kjv dramatized audio duration. The five books of moses in the torah learn religions. A lot goes down in exodus, so lets break it down into five sections. Outline of the book of exodus introduction and overview of the book of exodus. It is about gods great deliverance of israel from egypt and his meeting with them at mt. This brings us to the second book of the torah, exodus. There are a total of 6 commandments or mitzvot in the torahfive books of moses genesis, exodus, leviticus, numbers, and deuteronomy. Shemot, vaeira, bo following a lost sheep from his flock. The book of exodus is the second book of the bible and describes the exodus, which includes the israelites deliverance from slavery in egypt through the hand of yahweh, the revelations at biblical mount sinai, and the subsequent divine indwelling of god with israel. Book of exodus, session 1 introduction yale divinity school.
Indeed, the law exists as a way of life for moses and his people. Now 40 years old moses is incensed over an episode where he witnesses an egyptian beat a hebrew slave. Now these are the names shemot of the sons of israel who came to egypt with jacob exodus 1. The jewish roman world of jesus summary of the torah. The judges ruled the people in matters of civil and criminal law, jewish practice, and military and political affairs. Bible survery exodus hebrew name velleh shemoth these are the names greek name exodus departure author moses date from 1635 to 1490 bc approximately.
When genesis ends israel is safely abiding in egypt, with favored. The second book of moses called exodus the argument after that jacob by gods commandment genesis 46. Last week we ended with moses on his way to the backside, or the far side, of the wilderness of midian. God rescues the israelites from slavery and confronts pharaohs evil. It runs far deeper than just the bare outline of the tale, opening with the enslaved israelites being forced to build pyramids for pharaoh and ending with them liberated, voluntarily constructing a tabernacle for god. Although judaism has both a written torah and an oral torah, the. Portion english torah haftarah brit chadashah shemot names exo 1. My uncle dale was a meat cutter who volunteered to pastor very small churches, built them up to where they could afford to hire a.
It contains the stories of enslavement and liberation, of revelation and wanderings, of belief and apostasy. Exodus is the second book of the pentateuch the five books of moses, and its where we find the stories of the ten plagues, the first passover, the parting of the red sea. The book of exodus 118 a 5 minute recap on genenes. Abrahams family has fulfilled gods original command to be fruitful, multiply, and fill the earth exodus 1. Follow israels iconic rescue in the book of exodus. Adams gives a course outline and what will be covered. Longman then connects these events to the new testament. Encyclopedia of jewish and israeli history, politics and culture, with biographies, statistics, articles and documents on topics from antisemitism to zionism. The last reading from exodus begins with an audit of how the contributions for the. It has two settings, egypt and the wilderness of sinai, and its timeframe is the latter part of the th century b. Contained within is a recapitulation of the main tenets of the torah, as well as the addition of some new laws, heart and prophetic issues pertaining to.
Choose from 31 different sets of the pentateuch outline flashcards on quizlet. Adams explains the purpose of the course and the what the torah is. The theme of the book is that when the jewish people are loyal to god, they enjoy tranquility. Evidence of deliberate literary structure in the book of exodus. Summary of the torah the torah refers to the teaching of god revealed to the nation of israel through the prophet moses. The hebrew title for the book comes from the opening phrase of the book. The book begins with the story of moses birth and adoption by the egyptian princess. Exodus is the book which speaks of the physical and spiritual birth of israel as a nation. Those promises carried through abraham issac jacob who had 12 sons 3. It takes the story of the israelites from their presence in and oppression by egypt up to the reception of the divine law that occupies the entire book of leviticus and much of numbers. Working knowledge of the torah is essential for every serious student of the scriptures.
The first words of the first verse of the reading could be literally translated to read, these are the accounts pekudei of the tabernacle exodus 38. A summary of the book of exodus enslavement portion. Exodus is traditionally ascribed to moses, but modern scholars see its initial composition as a product of the babylonian exile, with final revisions in the persian postexilic period. And, i made the case for you that the mountain where moses would encounter the burning bush was not on the sinai peninsula, but on the arabian peninsula. God chose abraham and gave him promises nations land blessing gen 12. Genesis, exodus, leviticus, numbers, and deuteronomy was a process that involved multiple authors over an extended period of time. Exodus is the second book of the pentateuch the five books of moses, and its where we find the stories of the ten plagues, the first passover, the parting of the red sea, and the ten commandments the book gets its name from the nation of israels mass. Exodus is a latin word derived from greek exodos, the name given to. Shemot exodus chapter 1 judaism, torah and jewish info.1076 211 1507 576 1359 573 135 376 700 133 72 76 444 1307 1271 29 1306 710 829 1497 520 1458 1223 1279 207 539 391 860 286 1346 1044 512 285 579 139 997 1352 268