The most important study of the archetypal hero on a quest is the hero with a thousand faces by joseph campbell. Contents1 the ordinary world2 the call to adventure3 refusal of the call4 meeting with the mentor5 tests, allies, enemies6 the reward seizing the sword the ordinary world it was an ordinary saturday. Serious story structure for fabulously funny films kaplan, steve on. Commonlit the heros journey free reading passages and. Joseph campbell was an american mythologist, writer, and lecturer. Pixars screenwriters are the best at squeezing in multiple heroes journeys into a single screenplay, while having an overarching hero s journey joining them all together.
The heros journey is a common narrative archetype, or story template, that involves a hero who goes on an adventure, learns a lesson, wins a victory with that newfound knowledge, and then returns home transformed. Its a plot archetype that forms the building blocks of most modern movies, books and tv shows. By now youre probably familiar with the heros journey. Where the mountain meets the moon by grace lin, a wrinkle in time by madeleine lengle, the girl who circumnavigated fai. Harry potter and the philosophers stone 2001, star wars 1977, the matrix 1999, spiderman 2002, the lion king 1994 and the lord of the rings trilogy 20012003. The hero s journey begins with the hero in the ordinary world, going about ordinary life, except that something isnt quite right. What he does in the first scenes demonstrates a flaw of some kind, a lacking to be overcome, for either the hero or someone close to him or her. The heros journey is so prevalent in film and books that it makes a great jumping off point for a comparative literature study, and these texts are a great place to begin. Near the end of first 1,500 words, there is a complete surprise twist in the plot development. Teaching joseph campbells the heros journey creative. Such modern stories that display the hero s journey are the wizard of earthsea by ursula k. In narratology and comparative mythology, the monomyth, or the hero s journey, is the common template of a broad category of tales and lore that involves a hero who goes on an adventure, and in a decisive crisis wins a victory, and then comes home changed or transformed various scholars have introduced theories on hero myth narratives, including edward burnett tylor, otto rank, and lord raglan. Joseph campbells heros journey can teach you how to live.
Divergent heros journey storyboard by bridgetbaudinet. One of the most commonly cited examples is star wars, which does follow the plot structure very closely, except that luke encounters his mentor, obiwan kenobi, before he refuses the call to adventure. One must overcome fear and cross the threshold into the unknown world. The hero s guidebook sale item humorously illustrated with over 40 cartoons by the author, this book takes readers through the stages of the hero s journey using examples from books, films, and even video games. A hero is someone who has given his or her life to something bigger than oneself. In 2007, screenwriter christopher vogler refined campbells original structure in his book, the writers journey. Heros journey in literature this concept of the heros journey is one that has gained much praise and consideration of worth in the literary community. Still, lukes classic heroism, the trials he faces against the dark side, and the allies he gains along the way are so textbook that star wars lends. Campbell notes that heroes who refuse their quest frequently become characters in demand of delivering or in minos instance. Divergent hero s journey analyze the divergent book through the lens of the hero s journey. This concept of the heros journey is one that has gained much praise and consideration of worth in the literary community.
An ember in the ashes by sabaa tahir, the last olympian by rick riordan, harry potter and the sorcerers stone by j. This piece features heroes that star in book based film adaptations such as harry potter, spiderman. It was just another ordinary peach days in brigham city, utah. The heros journey sample essay example graduateway. Harry potter and the heros journey essay example 1085. The hero s journey is a model for both plot and character developmentas the hero traverses the world, theyll undergo inner and outer transformation at each stage of the journey. Later bastian refuses to help because hes afraid that the characters in the book will mock him for his appearance like the children at school, and is forced to go when the old man of wandering mountain puts him in the circle of eternal return.
Examples of works that utilize the heros journey include star wars. I dont think youll find a contrasting alternative to the hero s journey or monomyth. The heros journey can be boiled down to three essential stages. Together, they discuss the movie and create a poster that represents all of the elements of the heros journey. Breaking down the heros journey plot structure well. In it, vogler expanded upon campbells three phases, defining 12 stages that make it up. The heros journey poster project is one of my favorite projects of the year. Classics such as beowulf and odysseus as well as more recent, but epic, tales such as that of batman all follow the same path of the heros journey. In this project, you will learn the stages of the archetypal hero s journey and decide for yourself if a story you are reading follows this cycle. From 1929 1934 he spent five solid years just reading one book after another and wherever they led him he just kept reading. For fun, and as a writing exercise, i might try out this formula with one of the stories from my own life. The hero s journey is not primarily focused on ancient myths, but the elements from the hero s journey is also shared with modern stories. In 2007, screenwriter christopher vogler refined campbells original structure in his book, the. Joseph campbell is known to be the founder of the hero s journey archetype.
Students form groups of 23 and select a movie or book that they feel is a quintessential representation of the heros journey. Looking for examples of each stage of the heros journey. Important archetypes like the hero, the mentor, the shadow, the ally, the trickster, and the threshold guardian appear as well. Often, something will try to prevent you from crossing the threshold. Examples of works that utilize the heros journey include star wars, harry potter and the sorcerers stone, the hunger games, the hobbit, the lord of the rings, and enders game. The heros journey is a classic plot structure that appears in many speculative fiction books, films, television shows, and other forms of media. Meeting with the mentor in most hero s journey stories, the hero is first seen in the ordinary world when he or she receives a call to adventure. His book the hero with a thousand faces explores the common journey that heroes from different works of literature take. According to campbell, a hero s journey begins when an individual leaves his home to travel to an unfamiliar world. In the world of literature, several stories are connected with joseph campbells description of a hero s journey. The heros journey is a story structure identified by the american writer and scholar of mythology joseph campbell. What do star wars, harry potter, and red riding hood have all in common. There are examples provided but it still helps to do.
Where the mountain meets the moon by grace lin, a wrinkle in time by madeleine lengle, the girl who circumnavigated. Neale, in his book, distills the 12 steps in campbells hero journey. The pattern of thj is easy to spot in the type of stories, where the hero goes on a literal journey and comes out as a transformed man at the other end. Teaching the heros journey the daring english teacher. The outer journey follows the external plot line and includes all of the obstacles that the hero faces during her quest to reach her goal.
Once youre familiar with the 12 stages of the heros journey, its hard not to identify it in any movie you. R tolkiens the hobbit and the lord of the rings are also excellent examples of a hero s journey narrative structure. Every great novel and movie follows a common narrative pattern known as the hero s journey. Here are 6 iconic movies that follow the heros journey. Which movies are the best examples of the heros journey. The lightning thief hero s journey follow percy jackson on his quest. Sure, we know that lord of the rings, hunger games, and harry potter are modern examples of the heros journey, but there are a lot of other popular films that also fit joseph campbells monomyth. Campbell studied the worlds myths and literature and found that, although the specifics of each hero may be different, they all go on a quest journey made up of parts. The monomyth was first conceptualized by joseph campbell in his book the hero with a.
Star wars is the most commonly used example of that, because we know for a fact that george lucas based his story on joseph campbells. Breaking down the heros journey plot structure wellstoried. Take a look at this post to see how the hero s journey can be applied to mystery novels. What youll find is plenty of criticism that these unifying concepts are not useful templates for understanding the vast variety of myths, legends, and folklore. We tracked the heros journey in six iconic movies to find out the. In this informational text, jessica mcbirney further discusses this common structure of storytelling that campbell identified. What books contrast the ideas set out by campbell and his. In the first book, hagrid serves as harrys mentor, but later in the series, its albus dumbledore who guides. Call to adventure refusal mentor helper n y percy jackson. In his 1949 book the hero with a thousand faces, campbell claimed that the heros journey is the natural basis of all stories be they jokes, fairy tales, folklore. The 12 steps of the hero s journey matched to the charcters and plot of the first book of the hunger games trilogy.
The road back and finally recuperated his one and only true love. Once youre familiar with the 12 stages of the heros journey, its hard not to identify it in any movie you might be watching, no matter the genre or setting. The heros journey is so prevalent in film and books that it makes a great jumping off point for a comparative literature study, and these texts are. How 6 popular movies follow the heros journey infographic. Our hero generally refuses that call in the beginning, either afraid of what will happen or satisfied with life as it is. Memoir, formula, and the heros journey shirley hershey. I find its a good idea to find examples, from books or movies, while reading through each stage of the book. In his 1949 book, the hero with a thousand faces, campbell outlines the monomyth, or archetypal journey, that all of these stories follow.681 1379 368 207 1572 933 303 1263 1012 515 386 264 1142 244 949 665 653 375 283 61 1213 923 1097 835 560 1219 872 254 568 1316 259 1409